The time has finally come for me to update my update method. For years I have been a ‘dyed-in-the-wool’ cvsup guy, but the last server I installed (FreeBSD 9.1) started bleating about the ports tree not being updated any more, and to be honest I should have taken more notice of my emails! The full story can be found ***here***
So whats the ‘new way’?
FreeBSD has a great utility called
freebsd-update which will take care of security fixes as well as minor and major upgrades to the kernel. The
freebsd-update does not need to be installed or, even configured unless you have specific requirements. You can control behaviour with the configuration file located in
/etc/freebsd-update.conf. So lets just do the first update from the command line:
# freebsd-update fetch # freebsd-update install
I want to automate this with cron so first I added my email address to the config file. The I added the special
'cron' feature as such:
@daily root freebsd-update cron
that takes care of the kernel…
What about the Ports?
Portsnap takes care of the ports collection without much effort at all. As always there is has a configuration file, but unless you have some specific issues it can probably left alone. For reference it lives here:
/etc/portsnap.conf. To run the program for the first time:
# portsnap fetch # portsnap extract
# portsnap fetch update
Thats pretty much it, you can cron the job if you wish, however I tend to do it on demand.